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microRNA 193a OKDB#: 4499
 Symbols: MIR193A Species: human
 Synonyms: MIRN193, MIRN193A,  Locus: 17q11.2 in Homo sapiens

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DNA Microarrays
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General Comment NCBI Summary: microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq]
General function RNA processing
Cellular localization Secreted, Cytoplasmic
Ovarian function
Expression regulated by
Ovarian localization Oocyte, Follicular Fluid
Comment Differentially expressed micoRNAs in human oocytes. Xu YW et al. PURPOSE: To identify differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) and expression patterns of specific miRNAs during meiosis in human oocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To identify differentially expressed miRNAs, GV oocytes and MII oocytes matured at conventional FSH levels (5.5?ng/ml) were analyzed by miRNA microarray. Real-time RT-PCR was used to confirm the changed miRNAs. To validate the dynamic changes of miRNAs from GV to MII stages, oocytes were divided into four groups (#1-4), corresponding to GV oocytes, MI oocytes, MII oocytes matured in conventional FSH level and MII oocytes matured in high FSH level (2,000?ng/ml) respectively. RESULTS: Compared with GV oocytes, MII oocytes exhibited up-regulation of 4 miRNAs (hsa-miR-193a-5p, hsa-miR-297, hsa-miR-625 and hsa-miR-602), and down-regulation of 11 miRNAs (hsa-miR-888*, hsa-miR-212, hsa-miR-662, hsa-miR-299-5p, hsa-miR-339-5p, hsa-miR-20a, hsa-miR-486-5p, hsa-miR-141*, hsa-miR-768-5p, hsa-miR-376a and hsa-miR-15a). RT-PCR analysis of hsa-miR-15a and hsa-miR-20a expression revealed concordant dynamic changes in oocytes from group 1 to group 4. CONCLUSION(S): Specific miRNAs in human oocytes had dynamic changes during meiosis. High-concentration FSH in IVM medium led to reverse effect on the expression of hsa-miR-15a and hsa-miR-20a.
Follicle stages
Comment Identification of microRNAs in human follicular fluid: characterization of microRNAs that govern steroidogenesis in vitro and are associated with polycystic ovary syndrome in vivo. Sang Q et al. Context:Human follicular fluid is a combination of proteins, metabolites, and ionic compounds that is indicative of the general state of follicular metabolism and is associated with maturation and quality of oocytes. Deviations in these components are often associated with reproductive diseases. There has been no report of microRNAs (miRNAs) in human follicular fluids.Objective:We hypothesized that human follicular fluid may contain miRNAs. We sought to identify cell-free miRNAs in human follicular fluid and to investigate these miRNAs's function in vitro and any roles they play in polycystic ovary syndrome.Design:Genome-wide deep sequencing and TaqMan miRNA arrays were used to identify miRNAs, and the roles of the highly expressed miRNAs in steroidogenesis were investigated in KGN cells. Quantification of candidate miRNAs in follicular fluids of PCOS and controls was performed using TaqMan miRNA assays.Results:We identified miRNAs in microvesicles and the supernatant of human follicular fluid. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the most highly expressed miRNAs targeted genes associated with reproductive, endocrine, and metabolic processes. We found that miR-132, miR-320, miR-520c-3p, miR-24, and miR-222 regulate estradiol concentrations and that miR-24, miR-193b, and miR-483-5p regulate progesterone concentrations. Finally, we showed that miR-132 and miR-320 are expressed at significantly lower levels in the follicular fluid of polycystic ovary patients than in healthy controls (p =0.005, p =0.0098, respectively)Conclusion:These results demonstrate that there are numerous miRNAs in human follicular fluids, some of which play important roles in steroidogenesis and PCOS. This study substantially revises our understanding of the content of human follicular fluid and lays the foundation for the future investigation of miRNAs' role in PCOS.
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created: June 15, 2011, 12:34 p.m. by: hsueh   email:
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last update: May 15, 2013, 3:08 p.m. by: hsueh    email:

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