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karyopherin subunit alpha 7 OKDB#: 4375
 Symbols: KPNA7 Species: human
 Synonyms: IPOA8  Locus: 7q22.1 in Homo sapiens

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General Comment NCBI Summary: The transport of molecules between the nucleus and the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells is mediated by the nuclear pore complex (NPC), which consists of 60-100 proteins. Small molecules (up to 70 kD) can pass through the nuclear pore by nonselective diffusion while larger molecules are transported by an active process. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the importin alpha family, and is involved in nuclear protein import, but exhibits different nuclear localization signal binding specificity compared to other members of the family. A pseudogene of this gene has been defined on chromosome 5. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
General function Nuclear organization
Cellular localization Nuclear
Ovarian function Early embryo development
Comment KPNA7, an oocyte- and embryo-specific karyopherin a subtype, is required for porcine embryo development. Wang X et al. Coordinated partitioning of intracellular cargoes between nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments is critical for cell survival and differentiation. The karyopherin a/ heterodimer functions to import cytoplasmic proteins that possess classical nuclear localisation signals into the nucleus. Seven karyopherinasubtypes have been identified in mammals. The aim of this study was to determine the relative abundance of transcripts encoding seven karyopherinasubtypes in porcine oocytes and embryos at discrete stages of cleavage development, and to determine the developmental requirements of karypopherina7 (KPNA7), an oocyte and cleavage stage embryo-specific karyopherinasubtype. We hypothesised that knockdown of KPNA7 would negatively affect porcine cleavage development. To test this hypothesis, in vitro matured and fertilised porcine oocytes were injected with a double-stranded interfering RNA molecule that targeted KPNA7; nuclei were counted in all embryos 6 days after fertilisation. Embryos injected with KPNA7-interfering RNAs possessed significantly lower cell numbers than their respective control groups (P<0.05). In vitro binding assays also suggest that KPNA7 may transport intracellular proteins that possess unique nuclear localisation signals. Our data suggest that embryos have differential requirements for individual karyopherinasubtypes and that these karyopherinasubtypes differentially transport intracellular cargo during cleavage development.
Expression regulated by
Comment DNA methylation and miRNA-1296 act in concert to mediate spatiotemporal expression of KPNA7 during bovine oocyte and early embryonic development. Wang L et al. (2019) Epigenetic regulation of oocyte-specific maternal factors is essential for oocyte and early embryonic development. KPNA7 is an oocyte-specific maternal factor, which controls transportation of nuclear proteins important for early embryonic development. To elucidate the epigenetic mechanisms involved in the controlled expression of KPNA7, both DNA methylation associated transcriptional silencing and microRNA (miRNA)-mediated mRNA degradation of KPNA7 were examined. Comparison of DNA methylation profiles at the proximal promoter of KPNA7 gene between oocyte and 6 different somatic tissues identified 3 oocyte-specific differentially methylated CpG sites. Expression of KPNA7 mRNA was reintroduced in bovine kidney-derived CCL2 cells after treatment with the methylation inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR). Analysis of the promoter region of KPNA7 gene in CCL2 cells treated with 5-Aza-CdR showed a lighter methylation rate in all the CpG sites. Bioinformatic analysis predicted 4 miRNA-1296 binding sites in the coding region of KPNA7 mRNA. Ectopic co-expression of miRNA-1296 and KPNA7 in HEK293 cells led to reduced expression of KPNA7 protein. Quantitative real time PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis revealed that miRNA-1296 is expressed in oocytes and early stage embryos, and the expression reaches a peak level in 8-cell stage embryos, coincident with the time of embryonic genome activation and the start of declining of KPNA7 expression. These results suggest that DNA methylation may account for oocyte-specific expression of KPNA7, and miRNA-1296 targeting the coding region of KPNA7 is a potential mechanism for KPNA7 transcript degradation during the maternal-to-zygotic transition.//////////////////
Ovarian localization Oocyte
Follicle stages Antral, Preovulatory
Mutations 1 mutations

Species: mouse
Mutation name: None
type: null mutation
fertility: infertile - ovarian defect
Comment: The novel importin-alpha family member KPNA7, is required for normal fertility and fecundity in the mouse. Hu J et al. Nuclear importing system and nuclear factors play important roles in mediating nuclear reprogramming and zygotic gene activation(ZGA). However, the components and mechanisms that mediate nuclear-specific targeting of the nuclear proteins during nuclear reprogramming and ZGA remain largely unknown. Here we identified a novel member of the importin-alpha family, AW146299(Kpna7), which is predominantly expressed in mouse oocytes and zygotes and localizes to the nucleus or spindle. Mutation of Kpna7 gene caused reproductivity reduction and sex imbalance by inducing preferential fetal lethality in females. Parthenogenesis analysis showed that cell cycle of activated one-cell embryos is loss of control and ahead of schedule, but finally failed to develop into blastocyst stage. Further RT-PCR and epigenetic modification analysis showed that knocking out of Kpna7 induced abnormalities of gene expression (Dppa2, Dppa4 and Piwil2) and epigenetic modifications (down-regulation of histone H3K27me3). Biochemical analysis showed that KPNA7 interacts with KPNB1 (importin-beta1). In summary, we identified a novel Kpna7 gene that is required for normal fertility and fecundity.

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created: Aug. 22, 2010, 4:07 p.m. by: hsueh   email:
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last update: Dec. 4, 2019, 10:53 a.m. by: hsueh    email:

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