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neuropeptide FF receptor 1 OKDB#: 4273
 Symbols: NPFFR1 Species: human
 Synonyms: NPFF1, GPR147, NPFF1R1, OT7T022  Locus: 10q22.1 in Homo sapiens

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General Comment PMID: 34973645

NCBI Summary: Predicted to enable G protein-coupled receptor activity and peptide binding activity. Predicted to be involved in G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway. Located in cilium. [provided by Alliance of Genome Resources, Nov 2021]
General function Ligand, Growth factor
Cellular localization Secreted
Ovarian function Steroid metabolism
Comment Gonadotropin inhibitory hormone downregulates steroid hormone secretion and genes expressions in duck granulosa cells. Chen S et al. (2021) The mechanisms by which GnIH regulates the steroid synthesis pathway in duck granulosa cells remain poorly understood. In this study, we measured steroid hormone secretion by ELISA and reproduction-associated gene expression by quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) in duck granulosa cells treated with different concentrations of GnIH (0, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 ng/mL) for 24 h. The genome-wide expression profiles of GnIH-treated cells (0 and 10 ng/mL) were evaluated by high-throughput RNA sequencing. Compared with untreated cells, the secretion of the steroid hormones E2, E1, P4, and T was downregulated, with that of E1 and P4 reaching statistical significance (P<0.05); in contrast, the secretion of ACV and INH was significantly upregulated (P<0.05) after treatment with 10 and 100 ng/mL GnIH. The expression of encoding steroidogenic proteins and enzymes genes (STAR, CYP11A1, CYP17A1, CYP19A1, and 3-β-HSD) and encoding gonadotropin receptors genes (FSHR, LHR) were significantly declined (P<0.05) in the 10 and 100 ng/mL GnIH treatments. Transcriptome sequencing identified 348 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), including 253 upregulated and 95 downregulated genes. The DEGs were mainly involved in cell growth and death, immune response, and steroid biosynthesis pathways. We identified four novel DEGs (MROH5, LOC113840576, SDR42E1, and LOC113841457) with key roles in the regulation of steroid hormone biosynthesis. Our study revealed changes in gonadal steroid hormone secretion and steroid biosynthesis pathway-related gene expression in duck granulosa cells under the inhibitory effect of GnIH. These data contribute to our understanding of the molecular and genetic mechanisms underlying reproduction in ducks.//////////////////
Expression regulated by
Comment PMID: 34973645
Ovarian localization Granulosa
Comment The effects of RFRP-3, the mammalian ortholog of GnIH, on the female pig reproductive axis in vitro. Li X et al. RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) has been proposed as a key inhibitory regulator of mammalian reproduction. To further determine the potential mechanisms and sites of action of RFRP-3, we systematically investigated the direct effect of RFRP-3 on the female pig reproductive axis in vitro. Initially, we confirmed that G protein-coupled receptor 147 (GPR147) was distributed in isolated hypothalamic, anterior pituitary and ovarian granulosa cells, suggesting that RFRP-3 could act on these cells in vitro. Subsequently, the direct effects of RFRP-3 on hormone and steroid secretion, the synthesis of subunit genes and the expression of proteins related to proliferation in the hypothalamus, pituitary and ovary were evaluated. Our results demonstrate that different doses of RFRP-3 inhibited the release and synthesis of gonadotrophin releasing hormone, gonadotrophin and steroid hormones and impacted the relative gene expression of KISS1 and GnRHR and the protein expression of cyclin B1, PCNA and ERK 1/2.
Follicle stages Antral
Comment Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) and its receptor in the female pig: cDNA cloning, expression in tissues and expression pattern in the reproductive axis during the estrous cycle. Li X et al. Since its discovery, gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) has appeared to act as a key neuropeptide in the control of vertebrate reproduction. GnIH acts via the novel G protein-coupled receptor 147 (GPR147) to inhibit gonadotropin release and synthesis. To determine the physiological functions of GnIH in the pig, a study was conducted to clone and sequence the cDNA of the GnIH precursor and GPR147. Our results demonstrated that the cloned pig GnIH precursor cDNA encoded three LPXRF and that its receptor possessed typical transmembrane features. Subsequently, tissue expression studies revealed that GnIH was mainly expressed in the brain, corresponding largely with the tissue expression patterns of GPR147 in the pig. The expression patterns in the reproductive axis of the female pig across the estrous cycle were also systemically investigated. The hypothalamic levels of both GnIH and its receptor mRNA were lowest in estrus and peaked in the proestrus and diestrus phases. The highest pituitary GnIH mRNA level was detected in the metestrus, and its receptor displayed a somewhat similar pattern of expression to that of the ligand. However, the expression patterns of GnIH and GPR147 were negatively correlated in the ovary. Immunolocalization in the ovary during the estrous cycle revealed that the immunoreactivities of GnIH and GPR147 were mainly localized in the granulosa and theca cells of the antral follicles during proestrus and estrus and in the luteal cells during metestrus and diestrus. Taken together, this research provided molecular and morphological data for further study of GnIH in the pig.
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created: April 12, 2010, 7:04 a.m. by: hsueh   email:
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last update: Jan. 9, 2022, 12:47 p.m. by: hsueh    email:

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