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bromodomain and WD repeat domain containing 1 OKDB#: 3773
 Symbols: BRWD1 Species: human
 Synonyms: N143, WDR9, FLJ43918, C21orf107,  Locus: 21q22.2 in Homo sapiens

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General Comment NCBI Summary: This gene encodes a member of the WD repeat protein family. WD repeats are minimally conserved regions of approximately 40 amino acids typically bracketed by gly-his and trp-asp (GH-WD), which may facilitate formation of heterotrimeric or multiprotein complexes. Members of this family are involved in a variety of cellular processes, including cell cycle progression, signal transduction, apoptosis, and gene regulation. This protein contains 2 bromodomains and multiple WD repeats, and the function of this protein is not known. This gene is located within the Down syndrome region-2 on chromosome 21. Alternative splicing of this gene generates 3 transcript variants diverging at the 3' ends.
General function Intracellular signaling cascade, Chromosome organization
Cellular localization Nuclear
Ovarian function Early embryo development
Expression regulated by
Ovarian localization Oocyte
Follicle stages
Mutations 2 mutations

Species: mouse
Mutation name: None
type: null mutation
fertility: infertile - ovarian defect
Comment: The dual bromodomain and WD repeat-containing mouse protein BRWD1 is required for normal spermiogenesis and the oocyte-embryo transition. Philipps DL et al. A novel mutation, repro5, was isolated in a forward genetic screen for infertility mutations induced by ENU mutagenesis. Homozygous mutant mice were phenotypically normal but were infertile. Oocytes from mutant females appeared normal, but were severely maturation-defective in that they had reduced ability to progress to metaphase II (MII), and those reaching MII were unable to progress beyond the two pronuclei stage following in vitro fertilization (IVF). Mutant males exhibited defective spermiogenesis, resulting in oligoasthenoteratospermia. Genetic mapping, positional cloning, and complementation studies with a disruption allele led to the identification of a mutation in Brwd1 (Bromodomain and WD repeat domain containing 1) as the causative lesion. Bromodomain-containing proteins typically interact with regions of chromatin containing histones hyperacetylated at lysine residues, a characteristic of chromatin in early spermiogenesis before eventual replacement of histones by the protamines. Previous data indicated that Brwd1 is broadly expressed, encoding a putative transcriptional regulator that is believed to act on chromatin through interactions with the Brg1-dependent SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling pathway. Brwd1 represents one of a small number of genes whose elimination disrupts gametogenesis in both sexes after the major events of meiotic prophase I have been completed.

Species: mouse
Mutation name:
type: null mutation
fertility: infertile - ovarian defect
Comment: Mouse BRWD1 is critical for spermatid postmeiotic transcription and female meiotic chromosome stability. Pattabiraman S et al. (2015) Postmeiotic gene expression is essential for development and maturation of sperm and eggs. We report that the dual bromodomain-containing protein BRWD1, which is essential for both male and female fertility, promotes haploid spermatid-specific transcription but has distinct roles in oocyte meiotic progression. Brwd1 deficiency caused down-regulation of ∼300 mostly spermatid-specific transcripts in testis, including nearly complete elimination of those encoding the protamines and transition proteins, but was not associated with global epigenetic changes in chromatin, which suggests that BRWD1 acts selectively. In females, Brwd1 ablation caused severe chromosome condensation and structural defects associated with abnormal telomere structure but only minor changes in gene expression at the germinal vesicle stage, including more than twofold overexpression of the histone methyltransferase MLL5 and LINE-1 elements transposons. Thus, loss of BRWD1 function interferes with the completion of oogenesis and spermatogenesis through sexually dimorphic mechanisms: it is essential in females for epigenetic control of meiotic chromosome stability and in males for haploid gene transcription during postmeiotic sperm differentiation.//////////////////

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created: March 26, 2008, 12:42 p.m. by: hsueh   email:
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last update: Jan. 21, 2015, 11:13 a.m. by: hsueh    email:

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