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Homeobox C8 OKDB#: 2453
 Symbols: HOXC8 Species: human
 Synonyms: HOMEOBOX 3A, HOX3A|Hox-3.1, MOUSE, HOMOLOG OF  Locus: 12q13 in Homo sapiens

For retrieval of Nucleotide and Amino Acid sequences please go to: OMIM Entrez Gene
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General Comment Villaescusa JC, et al reported the expression of Hox cofactor genes during mouse ovarian follicular development and oocyte maturation. Very little is known about the expression and function of the HOX and HOX-cofactors genes in mammalian oogenesis. The aim of the present study was to determine the expression of PBX and PREP-1 gene products in the mouse ovary and their localization to particular ovarian compartment, specifically the oocyte-containing ovarian follicle. Immunocytochemical analysis demonstrated that PREP-1 was present in both granulosa cells and oocytes. PREP-1 was found in the nucleus in primary oocytes, but in the cytoplasm of fully-grown oocytes; in granulosa cells, however, PREP-1 was always localized to the nuclei. No PREP-1 immunoreactivity was found in corpus luteum, theca or stroma. PBX-1 was found in the cytosol of the oocyte, while PBX-2 expression was mostly restricted to the nuclei of granulosa cells. In addition, PBX-2 was also found in the nucleus of primary oocytes. Since PREP-PBX complexes act in vivo in conjunction with HOX transcription factors, we have used RT-PCR to identify HOX genes expressed in the ovary. This analysis identified transcripts for six HOX genes (A5, A9, B6, B7, C6 and C8) and two more TALE cofactors (PREP2 and Meis2). Thus, a number of HOX and HOX cofactor genes are expressed in the mammalian ovary. The restricted expression pattern for PBX-1 and PBX-2 and the changes in expression and localization of PREP-1 in the oocyte and granulosa cells suggest a previously unsuspected involvement of these transcription factors in oocyte maturation and development, as well as in granulosa cell differentiation.

NCBI Summary: This gene belongs to the homeobox family of genes. The homeobox genes encode a highly conserved family of transcription factors that play an important role in morphogenesis in all multicellular organisms. Mammals possess four similar homeobox gene clusters, HOXA, HOXB, HOXC and HOXD, located on different chromosomes, consisting of 9 to 11 genes arranged in tandem. This gene is one of several homeobox HOXC genes located in a cluster on chromosome 12. The product of this gene may play a role in the regulation of cartilage differentiation. It could also be involved in chondrodysplasias or other cartilage disorders.
General function DNA binding, Transcription factor
Cellular localization Nuclear
Ovarian function
Expression regulated by
Ovarian localization
Follicle stages
Mutations 0 mutations
Genomic Region show genomic region
Phenotypes and GWAS show phenotypes and GWAS
OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man: an excellent source of general gene description and genetic information.)
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created: April 21, 2004, 1:20 p.m. by: hsueh   email:
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last update: April 21, 2004, 1:20 p.m. by: system    email:

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