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Janus kinase 3 OKDB#: 1318
 Symbols: JAK3 Species: human
 Synonyms: JAKL, LJAK, JAK-3, L-JAK, JAK3_HUMAN  Locus: 19p13.11 in Homo sapiens

For retrieval of Nucleotide and Amino Acid sequences please go to: OMIM Entrez Gene
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General Comment Protein-tyrosine kinases (PTKs) are critical enzymes for receptor-mediated signaling. JAK3 is encoded by a 4.3-kb mRNA transcript that contains an open reading frame of 3,897 bp. The protein encoded by this mRNA contains the double catalytic domain characteristic of the JAK family. The most striking difference between JAK3 and the other JAKs was the presence of 2 stretches of additional amino acid sequences of 147 and 28 residues which spanned between amino acid positions 322 to 469 and 632 to 660, respectively.

NCBI Summary: The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Janus kinase (JAK) family of tyrosine kinases involved in cytokine receptor-mediated intracellular signal transduction. It is predominantly expressed in immune cells and transduces a signal in response to its activation via tyrosine phosphorylation by interleukin receptors. Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal SCID (severe combined immunodeficiency disease). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
General function Enzyme, Transferase
Cellular localization Cytoplasmic, Cytoskeleton
Ovarian function Follicle endowment, Follicle development, Luteinization, Oogenesis, Oocyte maturation
Comment JAK signaling regulates germline cyst breakdown and primordial follicle formation in mice. Huang K et al. (2017) In female mammals, primordial follicles consist of two types of cells, namely, oocytes and pregranulosa cells that surround the oocytes. The size of the primordial follicle pool determines the reproductive ability of female mammals. However, the underlying mechanisms controlling primordial follicle assembly remain unclear. In this study, we show that oocyte-derived Janus kinase (JAK) signaling is vital for germline cyst breakdown and primordial follicle formation in vitro JAK2 and JAK3 activity is increased while germline cysts are breaking down. Inhibition of either JAK2 or JAK3 prevents germline cyst breakdown and primordial follicle formation. We further show that specific suppression of JAK2 delays germ cell loss through the downregulation of p53, but has no influence on pregranulosa cell proliferation. Alternatively, specific inhibition of JAK3 decreases pregranulosa cell proliferation by downregulating Notch2 signaling, implying that JAK3 acts on pregranulosa cells by controlling the extracellular secretion of oocyte-derived factors. In summary, our results indicate that JAK signaling contributes to germline cyst breakdown and primordial follicle formation by regulating oocyte loss and pregranulosa cell proliferation in the fetal mouse ovary. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of mammalian folliculogenesis.////////////////// Freiman RN, et al 2001 reported the requirement of Tissue-Selective TBP-Associated Factor TAFII105 in Ovarian Development. Transcription factor TFIID, composed of TBP and TAF(II) subunits, is a central component of the RNA polymerase II machinery. Female mice lacking TAF(II)105 are viable but infertile because of a defect in folliculogenesis correlating with restricted expression of TAF(II)105 in the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicle. Gene expression profiling has uncovered a 5 fold decrease in the expression of JAK3 . Gene whose expression is detected by cDNA array hybridization: transporters, signal transduction Rozenn Dalbis-Tran and Pascal Mermilloda
Expression regulated by LH
Comment Gene expression decreased. Luteinization of porcine preovulatory follicles leads to systematic changes in follicular gene expression. Agca C et al. The LH surge initiates the luteinization of preovulatory follicles and causes hormonal and structural changes that ultimately lead to ovulation and the formation of corpora lutea. The objective of the study was to examine gene expression in ovarian follicles (n = 11) collected from pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) approaching estrus (estrogenic preovulatory follicle; n = 6 follicles from two sows) and in ovarian follicles collected from pigs on the second day of estrus (preovulatory follicles that were luteinized but had not ovulated; n = 5 follicles from two sows). The follicular status within each follicle was confirmed by follicular fluid analyses of estradiol and progesterone ratios. Microarrays were made from expressed sequence tags that were isolated from cDNA libraries of porcine ovary. Gene expression was measured by hybridization of fluorescently labeled cDNA (preovulatory estrogenic or -luteinized) to the microarray. Microarray analyses detected 107 and 43 genes whose expression was decreased or increased (respectively) during the transition from preovulatory estrogenic to -luteinized (P<0.01). Cells within preovulatory estrogenic follicles had a gene-expression profile of proliferative and metabolically active cells that were responding to oxidative stress. Cells within preovulatory luteinized follicles had a gene-expression profile of nonproliferative and migratory cells with angiogenic properties. Approximately, 40% of the discovered genes had unknown function.
Ovarian localization Granulosa
Comment Differential regulation of Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) in bovine preovulatory follicles and identification of JAK3 interacting proteins in granulosa cells. Ndiaye K et al. (2016) Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) is a member of the membrane-associated non-receptor tyrosine kinase protein family and is considered predominantly expressed in hematopoietic cells. We previously identified JAK3 as a differentially expressed gene in granulosa cells (GC) of bovine preovulatory follicles. The present study aimed to further investigate JAK3 regulation, to identify protein binding partners and better understand its mode of action in bovine reproductive cells. GC were obtained from small follicles (SF), dominant follicles at day 5 of the estrous cycle (DF), and ovulatory follicles, 24 h following hCG injection (OF). RT-PCR analyses showed greatest expression of JAK3 in GC of DF, while JAK3 expression was downregulated in OF (P < 0.0001). In addition, there was a 5- and 20-fold reduction of JAK3 steady-state mRNA levels in follicular walls, respectively at 12 and 24 hours post-hCG as compared to 0 h (P < 0.05). Similarly, JAK3 expression was downregulated by the endogenous LH surge. These results were confirmed in western blot analysis showing weakest JAK3 protein amounts in OF as compared to DF. Yeast two-hybrid screening of a DF-cDNA library resulted in the identification of JAK3 partners in GC that were confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation and included leptin receptor overlapping transcript-like 1 (LEPROTL1), inhibin beta A (INHBA) and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B). In functional studies using bovine endometrial cells, JAK3 increased phosphorylation of STAT3 and cell viability, while the addition of JANEX-1 inhibited JAK3 actions. These results support a physiologically relevant role of JAK3 in follicular development and provide insights into the mode of action and function of JAK3 in reproductive tissues.//////////////////
Follicle stages Preovulatory
Mutations 1 mutations

Species: mouse
Mutation name: None
type: null mutation
fertility: fertile
Comment: Nosaka et al. (1995) likewise found that mice in whom the Jak3 gene had been disrupted had profound reductions in thymocytes and severe B-cell and T-cell lymphopenia similar to that of SCID; furthermore, the residual T cells and B cells were functionally deficient.

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created: Oct. 1, 2001, 3:29 p.m. by: hsueh   email:
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last update: Dec. 18, 2017, 11:41 a.m. by: hsueh    email:

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