Stanford Home
Ovarian Kaleidoscope Database (OKdb)



Transgenic Mouse Models



Hsueh lab


since 01/2001:

fatty acid binding protein 1 OKDB#: 1192
 Symbols: FABP1 Species: human
 Synonyms: FABPL, L-FABP  Locus: 2p11.2 in Homo sapiens

For retrieval of Nucleotide and Amino Acid sequences please go to: OMIM Entrez Gene
Mammalian Reproductive Genetics   Endometrium Database Resource   Orthologous Genes   UCSC Genome Browser   GEO Profiles new!   Amazonia (transcriptome data) new!


DNA Microarrays
link to BioGPS
General Comment The fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) are among the most abundant cytoplasmic constituents of parenchymal cells . These small cytosolic proteins enhance the intracellular transport and metabolism of fatty acids and may show an affinity for other ligands, such as retinoic acid, bile acids, or prostaglandins. Different genes encode at least eight types of FABPs, which differ in their specific binding properties and have each been named after the tissue of major occurrence.

NCBI Summary: This gene encodes the fatty acid binding protein found in liver. Fatty acid binding proteins are a family of small, highly conserved, cytoplasmic proteins that bind long-chain fatty acids and other hydrophobic ligands. This protein and FABP6 (the ileal fatty acid binding protein) are also able to bind bile acids. It is thought that FABPs roles include fatty acid uptake, transport, and metabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]
General function Intracellular signaling cascade
Cellular localization Cytoplasmic
Comment candidate123
Ovarian function Steroid metabolism
Comment Chandra P. Leo, et al 2001 used DNA array to analyze changes in preovulatory gene expression in the rat Ovary. They reported that the screening identified a group of candidate genes whose ovarian expression and gonadotropin regulation was hitherto unknown. The induction of three of these genes, encoding cutaneous fatty acid-binding protein, the interleukin-4 receptor alpha chain, and prepronociceptin, was confirmed and further characterized by Northern blot analysis. In addition, in situ hybridization analysis showed that hCG administration resulted in exclusive or predominant expression of all three genes in theca cells. By contrast, the message for heart FABP was the most highly repressed message among the 597 genes represented in the array. Three other genes for FABPs-intestinal FABP, adipocyte FABP, and liver FABP-were also represented on the array, but the quantification revealed no clear regulation of the mRNA by hCG.
Expression regulated by
Ovarian localization
Comment Tandem duplication of the fabp1b gene and subsequent divergence of the tissue-specific distribution of fabp1b.1 and fabp1b.2 transcripts in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Karanth S et al. We describe a fatty acid-binding protein 1 (fabp1b.2) gene and its tissue-specific expression in zebrafish embryos and adults. The 3.5 kb zebrafish fabp1b.2 gene is the paralog of the previously described zebrafish fabp1a and fabp1b genes. Using the LN54 radiation hybrid mapping panel, we assigned the zebrafish fabp1b.2 gene to linkage group 8, the same linkage group to which fabp1b.1 was mapped. fabp1b.1 and fabp1b.2 appear to have arisen by a tandem duplication event. Whole-mount in situ hybridization of a riboprobe to embryos and larvae detected fabp1b.2 transcripts in the diencephalon and as spots in the periphery of the yolk sac. In adult zebrafish, in situ hybridization revealed fabp1b.2 transcripts in the anterior intestine and skin, and reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) detected fabp1b.2 transcripts in the intestine, brain, heart, ovary, skin, and eye. By contrast, fabp1b.1 transcripts were detected by RT-PCR in the liver, intestine, heart, testis, ovary, and gills. The tissue-specific distribution of transcripts for the tandemly duplicated fabp1b.1 and fabp1b.2 genes in adult tissues and during development suggests that the duplicated fabp1b genes of zebrafish have acquired additional functions compared with the ancestral fabp1 gene, i.e., by neofunctionalization. Furthermore, these functions were subsequently divided between fabp1b.1 and fabp1b.2 owing to subfunctionalization.
Follicle stages Preovulatory
Phenotypes PCO (polycystic ovarian syndrome)
Mutations 2 mutations

Species: human
Mutation name:
type: naturally occurring
fertility: subfertile
Comment: Association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs2197076 and rs2241883 of FABP1 gene with polycystic ovary syndrome. Xue H et al. (2015) The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2197076 and rs2241883 in fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1) gene and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The two alleles rs2197076 and rs2241883 in FABP1 gene in 221 PCOS women and 198 normal women were amplified and sequenced. Allele frequency comparison was performed between the PCOS and control groups, and genotype-phenotype correlation analysis was performed using dominant and recessive models to assess the association of FABP1 and the main features of PCOS. Allele frequency analyses showed a strong association of SNPs rs2197076 and rs2241883 of FABP1 gene with PCOS (P < 0.001). The additive, dominant, and recessive genotype model analyses further supported this association even after adjusting for age and body mass index (BMI). The minor allele frequency (MAF) of rs2241883 in obese PCOS women was less than that in obese control women. Further genotype-phenotype correlation analysis showed that SNP rs2197076 had a stronger association with the main features of PCOS than SNP rs2241883. In the association of SNPs in FABP1 gene with PCOS, rs2197076 was more closely associated with its main features than rs2241883 and seemed to play a more important role in the pathogenesis of PCOS.//////////////////

Species: human
Mutation name:
type: naturally occurring
fertility: subfertile
Comment: Association of IL-1β, IL-1Ra and FABP1 gene polymorphisms with the metabolic features of polycystic ovary syndrome. Rashid N et al. (2017) Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a highly prevalent endocrinopathy is currently being designated as chronic low grade inflammatory state. IL-1β, IL-1Ra and FABP1 are critical mediators of inflammatory processes and are speculated to play a role in the pathogenesis of PCOS. The aim of this study was to study the association of IL-β, IL-1Ra and FABP1 gene polymorphisms with PCOS and related metabolic features. 95 PCOS and 45 age matched healthy control subjects were enrolled in this study. Polymorphism in genes IL-1β, IL-1Ra and FABP1 was studied by PCR, PCR-RFLP and sequencing methods, respectively. Hormonal and lipid profiles were evaluated for all the subjects. Hormonal and lipid profiles showed significant differences between PCOS and control subjects. Allele and genotype frequencies of IL-1β, IL-1Ra and FABP1 gene polymorphisms did not vary between the control and PCOS group. However, T allele of C[-511]T variant of IL-1β, allele II in intron 2 of IL-1Ra and A allele of A/G variant of FABP1 (rs2197076) showed significant association with many metabolic features associated with PCOS. Polymorphism in genes encoding cytokines and proteins involved in lipid metabolism can provide insights into the genetics of the disease and may contribute to assess the associated risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome (MetS) associated with PCOS.//////////////////

Genomic Region show genomic region
Phenotypes and GWAS show phenotypes and GWAS
OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man: an excellent source of general gene description and genetic information.)
OMIM \ Animal Model
KEGG Pathways
Recent Publications
Search for Antibody

created: June 24, 2001, 7:39 a.m. by: hsueh   email:
home page:
last update: March 22, 2020, 3:57 a.m. by: hsueh    email:

Use the back button of your browser to return to the Gene List.

Click here to return to gene search form